Fall 2010 online survey indicates that study abroad numbers are rebounding; Students are choosing shorter and less expensive programs; Study in China continues to grow, according to most campuses
WASHINGTON, DC, November 15—A new survey by the Institute of International Education (IIE) and the Forum on Education Abroad has found that study abroad by U.S. college students was on the rise in 2009/10, after experiencing a slight downturn the previous year. After reporting decades of steady growth, reaching a high of 262,416 students studying abroad in 2007/08, IIE's Open Doors report showed that study abroad by U.S. students had decreased by just less than 1 percent for the 2008/09 academic year, when 260,327 students studied abroad for academic credit at their home institution.
To get an early indication of current study abroad enrollments, IIE and The Forum joined together to ask campus administrators about study abroad trends this past academic year for their students. The online survey conducted in October 2010 included questions about increases or declines in the numbers of students studying abroad, changes in student choices, changes in campus study abroad budgets and staffing, and steps taken by campuses to increase study abroad. Educators at 238 campuses responded, including 169 campuses that each send over 100 students abroad annually.
More than half of the campuses (55%) indicated that there had been an increase in the number of their students studying abroad in 2009/10, compared to 32% who indicated they had seen a decline. This response suggests that study abroad enrollments are rebounding, when compared with findings of a similar survey conducted last year, the Forum on Education Abroad's Survey on the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Education Abroad (September 2009). In that Fall 2009 survey, only 39 % of respondents indicated an increase in study abroad during academic year 2008/09, and 59% of respondents indicated an enrollment decline. In the Fall 2010 survey, many campuses said they were taking steps such as forming new international partnerships to enable more students to have overseas experiences, and that they were not seeing as many cuts to their study abroad budgets and staffing as they had in 2008/09, immediately following the economic crisis of 2007. The full survey report is available on the Open Doors website and the Forum on Education Abroad website.
Study abroad to China continues to increase in popularity, as well as study abroad in other non-traditional destinations, such as the Middle East and Africa. Compared to the previous year, 54% of respondents reported increases in study abroad to China in 2009/10 (with 33% reporting no change and 13% declines), 49% reported increases in study abroad to other Asian destinations (with 42% reporting no change and 9% declines), and 41 percent reported increases in study abroad to the Middle East and North Africa (with 46% reporting no change and 13% declines). This is consistent with the trend in recent years for more students to study in countries beyond the traditional study abroad destinations in Western Europe, and indicates that this trend is likely to continue.
Allan E. Goodman, President and CEO of the Institute of International Education, said, "International experience provides key skills needed by American graduates to succeed in the global workforce. From this survey, it is clear that U.S. students continue to be deeply interested in studying abroad, and that students and campuses are working together to find ways to enable them to take part in these important opportunities. As educators our challenge remains one of making international a part of what it means to become educated."
Brian Whalen, President and CEO of the Forum on Education Abroad, commented, "Education abroad can serve as an essential component of a student's global education and I am very pleased to see that participation is rebounding this year. U.S. campuses, provider organizations and overseas partner institutions have made this possible by working together during these challenging economic times to make education abroad accessible for more students."
Campuses reported that students were making some changes in the types of study abroad programs they enrolled in due to the economic downturn. Students are increasingly choosing shorter programs (46%), less expensive programs (45%) and programs in which their financial aid can be used (43%), as well as programs going to less expensive world regions (33%).
Campuses also indicated that they had taken steps to strengthen study abroad participation in the past year. Many institutions reported having developed new partnerships with either foreign or domestic institutions (29%) and programs (17 %). Some institutions also hired more staff or devoted more staff time to study abroad programs (18%) and spent additional funds on marketing and promotion of study abroad programs (14%). Nine percent reported taking other steps such as increasing the number of study abroad scholarships available and increasing program offerings, including adding lower cost or shorter programs.
The Institute of International Education is working with educators and partners to increase the number and diversity of American students who go abroad and to encourage study in places of growing strategic importance to the United States. Programs such as the Gilman International Scholarship Program, the Fulbright U.S. Student Program and the National Security Education Program Boren Scholarships that IIE administers for the U.S. Government and other sponsors prepare a new generation for global citizenship. Its online resources include IIEPassport.org and StudyAbroadFunding.org. With a total higher education enrollment of over 19 million, there remains a huge unmet need to expand American students’ international experience, and an even greater challenge to ensure that access to study abroad is available to all, including students of diverse backgrounds, low incomes and underrepresented fields of study.
The Forum on Education Abroad is working to improve education abroad programs to the benefit of the students who participate in them, through disseminating standards of good practice, and promoting best practices to support the standards. The Forum's initiatives include data collection and outcomes assessment research, sharing of curricular best practices, and a formal quality improvement program, all to advocate for high quality education abroad. With institutional members from across the globe and representing the full range of education abroad constituents, the Forum's efforts to improve education abroad have wide-reaching impact. It has collaborated recently with IIE to expand study abroad capacity in Brazil, India and Turkey.
About the Institute of International Education
The Institute of International Education, an independent nonprofit founded in 1919, is among the world’s largest and most experienced international education and training organizations. IIE publishes the annual Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange, the only long-standing, comprehensive information resource on international higher education exchange activity into and out of the U.S. IIE also provides free access to online resources for study abroad funding: StudyAbroadFunding.org, and a directory of more than 9,000 program opportunities: IIEPassport.org.
About the Forum on Education Abroad
The Forum on Education Abroad is the only global membership association exclusively devoted to education abroad. Its over 450 institutions and organizations together represent approximately 90 percent of the U.S. students that study abroad and are committed to the Forum's Standards of Good Practice for Education Abroad. The Forum is the only organization devoted exclusively to representing the field of education abroad and is designated the Standards Development Organization for education abroad by the U.S. Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission. For more information visit: Forum on Education Abroad.